The nature of life: classical and contemporary perspectives from philosophy and science (Cambridge, 2010). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
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ОбложкаThe nature of life: classical and contemporary perspectives from philosophy and science / ed. by M.A.Bedau, C.E.Cleland. - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010. - xxii, 418 p.: ill. - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.413-418. - ISBN 978-0-521-51775-1
 

Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface ....................................................... vii
Acknowledgments .............................................. viii
Sources ........................................................ ix
About the authors ............................................. xii
Introduction .................................................. xix

SECTION I. CLASSICAL DISCUSSIONS OF LIFE  ....................... 1

1  De Anima (selections) ........................................ 9
   Aristotle
2  Treatise on Man ............................................. 15
   RENÉ DESCARTES
3  Critique of the teleological power of judgment
   (selections) ................................................ 21
   IMMANUEL KANT
4  What is Life? (selections) .................................. 50
   ERWIN SCHRODINGER
5  The nature of life .......................................... 70
   ALEXANDER OPARIN
6  What is the meaning of "life"? .............................. 88
   ERNST MAYR
7  The principles of life (selections) ........................ 102
   TIBOR GÁNTI

SECTION II. THE ORIGIN AND EXTENT OF NATURAL LIFE ............. 113

8  The origin of life: a review of facts and speculation ...... 121
   LESLIE E. ORGEL
9  Small molecule interactions were central to the origin of
   life ....................................................... 129
   ROBERT SHAPIRO
10 Are the different hypotheses on the emergence of life as
   different as they seem? .................................... 137
   IRIS FRY
11 The universal nature of biochemistry ....................... 157
   NORMAN R. PACE
12 Is there a common chemical model for life in the
   universe? .................................................. 164
   STEVEN A. BENNER, ALONSO RICARDO, AND MATTHEW
   A. CARRIGAN
13 Searching for life in the universe: lessons from Earth ..... 186
   KENNETH H. NEALSON
14 The possibility of alternative microbial life on Earth ..... 198
   CAROL E. CLELAND AND SHELLEY D. COPLEY
15 Introduction to the limits of organic life in planetary
   systems .................................................... 210
   NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMIES

SECTION III. ARTIFICIAL LIFE AND SYNTHETIC BIOLOGY  ........... 217

16 Learning from functionalism: prospects for strong
   artificial life ............................................ 225
   ELLIOTT SOBER
17 Life, "artificial life," and scientific explanation ........ 236
   MARC LANGE
18 Alien life: how would we know? ............................. 249
   MARGARET A. BODEN
19 Automatic design and manufacture of robotic life forms ..... 260
   HOD LIPSON AND JORDAN P. POLLACK
20 A giant step towards artificial life? ...................... 268
   DAVID DEAMER
21 Approaches to semi-synthetic minimal cells: a review ....... 272
   PIER LUIGI LUISI, FRANCESCA FERRI, AND PASQUALE STANO
22 Creating "real life" ....................................... 289
   EVELYN FOX KELLER

SECTION IV. DEFINING AND EXPLAINING LIFE ...................... 295

23 Definitions of life ........................................ 303
   CARL SAGAN
24 The seven pillars of life .................................. 307
   DANIEL E. KOSHLAND
25 A universal definition of life: autonomy and open-ended
   evolution .................................................. 310
   KEPA RUIZ-MIRAZO, JULI PERETÓ, AND ALVARO MORENO
26 Does 'life' have a definition? ............................. 326
   CAROL CLELAND AND CHRISTOPHER CHYBA
27 Sentient symphony .......................................... 340
   LYNN MARGULIS AND DORION SAGAN
28 What is life? .............................................. 355
   KIM STERELNY AND PAUL GRIFFITHS
29 Universal Darwinism ........................................ 360
   RICHARD DAWKINS
30 What is life? Was Schrodinger right? ....................... 374
   STUART A. KAUFFMAN
31 Four puzzles about life .................................... 392
   MARK A. BEDAU

Supplementary bibliography on life ............................ 405
Index ......................................................... 413


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