Laser-surface interactions for new materials production: tailoring structure and properties (Berlin, 2010). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
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ОбложкаLaser-surface interactions for new materials production: tailoring structure and properties / ed. by A.Miotello, P.M.Ossi. - Berlin: Springer, 2010. - xvi, 358 p.: ill. - (Springer series in materials science; vol.130). - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.351-358. - ISBN 978-3-642-03306-3; ISSN 0933-033X
 

Оглавление / Contents
 
1  Laser Interactions in Nanomaterials Synthesis
   David B. Geohegan, Alex A. Puretzky, Chris Rouleau,
   Jeremy Jackson, Gyula Eres, Zuqin Liu, David Styers-
   Barnett, Hui Hu, Bin Zhao, Ilia Ivanov, and Karren More ...... 1
   1.1  Introduction ............................................ 1
   1.2  Laser Ablation and Plume Thermalization at Low
        Pressures ............................................... 2
   1.3  Synthesis of Nanoparticles by Laser Vaporization ........ 4
   1.4  Self-Assembly of Carbon Fullerenes and Nanohorns ........ 5
   1.5  Catalyst-Assisted Synthesis of SWNTs .................... 9
   1.6  Laser Diagnostics and Controlled Chemical Vapor
        Deposition of Carbon Nanotubes ......................... 10
   1.7  Summary ................................................ 15
   References .................................................. 15

2  Basic Physics of Femtosecond Laser Ablation
   Juergen Reif ................................................ 19
   2.1  Introduction ........................................... 19
   2.2  Energy Input ........................................... 20
        2.2.1  Multiphoton Excitation .......................... 22
   2.3  Ion Emission: Ablation ................................. 23
        2.3.1  Experimental Observation ........................ 23
        2.3.2  Desorption Mechanism - Coulomb Explosion ........ 25
   2.4  Transient, Local Target Modification ................... 26
        2.4.1  Incubation ...................................... 26
        2.4.2  Transient Dynamics .............................. 27
   2.5  Transient Instability and Self-Organized Structure
        Formation .............................................. 30
        2.5.1  Periodic "Ripples" Structures ................... 30
        2.5.2  Instability and Self-Organization ............... 32
        2.5.3  Polarization Dependence ......................... 35
   2.6  Discussion ............................................. 38
   References .................................................. 39

3  Atomic/Molecular-Level Simulations of Laser-Materials
   Interactions
   Leonid V. Zhigilei, Zhibin Lin, Dmitriy S. Ivanov, Elodie
   Leveugle, William H. Duff, Derek Thomas, Carlos Sevilla,
   and Stephen J. Guy .......................................... 43
   3.1  Introduction ........................................... 43
   3.2  Molecular Dynamics Method for Simulation of Laser-
        Materials Interactions ................................. 47
        3.2.1  Molecular Dynamics Method ....................... 47
        3.2.2  Coarse-Grained MD Model for Simulation of
               Laser Interactions with Molecular Systems ....... 48
        3.2.3  Combined Continuum-Atomistic Model for
               Simulation of Laser Interactions with Metals .... 51
        3.2.4  Boundary Conditions: Pressure Waves and Heat
               Conduction ...................................... 53
   3.3  Simulations of Laser-Induced Structural and Phase
        Transformations ........................................ 55
        3.3.1  Generation of Crystal Defects ................... 56
        3.3.2  Mechanisms and Kinetics of Laser Melting ........ 59
        3.3.3  Photomechanical Spallation ...................... 63
        3.3.4  Phase Explosion and Laser Ablation .............. 67
   3.4  Concluding Remarks ..................................... 70
   References .................................................. 72

4  Continuum Models of Ultrashort Pulsed Laser Ablation
   Nadezhda M. Bulgakova, Razvan Stoian, Arkadi Rosenfeld,
   and Ingolf V. Hertel ........................................ 81
   4.1  Introduction ........................................... 81
   4.2  Ultrashort Laser-Matter Interaction .................... 82
   4.3  Notes on Continuum Modeling in Application to
        Ultrashort, Laser-Matter Interactions .................. 84
   4.4  A General Continuum Approach for Modeling of Laser-
        Induced Surface Charging ............................... 89
   4.5  Concluding Remarks ..................................... 94
   References .................................................. 95

5  Cluster Synthesis and Cluster-Assembled Deposition in
   Nanosecond Pulsed Laser Ablation
   Paolo M. Ossi ............................................... 99
   5.1  Introduction ........................................... 99
   5.2  Phenomenology of Plume Expansion through an Ambient
        Gas ................................................... 102
   5.3  Analytical Models for Plume Propagation through an
        Ambient Gas ........................................... 105
   5.4  Mixed-Propagation Model ............................... 108
   5.5  Nanoparticle Growth ................................... 114
   5.6  Concluding Remarks .................................... 122
   References ................................................. 122

6  Nanoparticle Formation by Femtosecond Laser Ablation
   Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne, Ratiba Benzerga, and Jacques
   Perrière ................................................... 125
   6.1  Introduction .......................................... 125
   6.2  Experimental .......................................... 126
   6.3  Results ............................................... 127
        6.3.1  Nature of the Species Emitted During fs PLD .... 129
        6.3.2  Nature of the Nanoparticles Formed During fs
               PLD ............................................ 131
        6.3.3  Relevant Parameters of Nanoparticle
               Formation ...................................... 134
   6.4  Conclusions ........................................... 138
   References ................................................. 139

7  UV Laser Ablation of Polymers: From Structuring to Thin
   Film Deposition
   Thomas Lippert ............................................. 141
   7.1  Introduction .......................................... 141
        7.1.1  Laser Ablation of Polymers ..................... 141
        7.1.2  Polymers: A Short Primer ....................... 142
   7.2  Polymer Properties and Ablation ....................... 145
        7.2.1  Polymer Names .................................. 149
        7.2.2  Polymers and Photochemistry .................... 149
        7.2.3  Fundamental Issues of Laser Ablation ........... 150
        7.2.4  Ablation Mechanism ............................. 153
        7.2.5  Doped Polymers ................................. 157
        7.2.6  Designed Polymers: Triazene Polymers ........... 158
        7.2.7  Comparison of Designed and Commercially
               Available Polymers ............................. 163
   7.3  Deposition of Thin Films Using UV Lasers .............. 164
   7.4  Conclusion ............................................ 170
   References ................................................. 171

8  Deposition of Polymer and Organic Thin Films Using
   Tunable, Ultrashort-Pulse Mid-Infrared Lasers
   Stephen L. Johnson, Michael R. Papantonakis, and Richard
   F. Haglund ................................................. 177
   8.1  Introduction and Motivation ........................... 177
        8.1.1  Mechanism of Laser Ablation at High
               Vibrational Excitation Density ................. 178
        8.1.2  The Role of Excitation Density in Materials
               Modification ................................... 179
        8.1.3  Laser Ablation at High Intensity and Pulse-
               Repetition Frequency ........................... 182
        8.1.4  Figures of Merit for Comparing Different
               Laser Processing Regimes ....................... 183
   8.2  Resonant Infrared Pulsed Laser Ablation of Neat
        Targets ............................................... 184
        8.2.1  Experimental Details ........................... 184
        8.2.2  Resonant Infrared Laser Ablation of
               Polyethylene Glycol) ........................... 185
        8.2.3  Resonant Infrared Laser Ablation of
               Polystyrene .................................... 187
        8.2.4  Resonant Infrared Laser Deposition of
               Poly(Tetrafluoroethylene) ...................... 190
   8.3  Matrix-Assisted Resonant Infrared Pulsed Laser
        Deposition ............................................ 191
        8.3.1  Deposition of the Conducting Polymer
               PEDOT:PSS ...................................... 192
        8.3.2  Deposition of the Light-Emitting Polymer
               MEH-PPV ........................................ 194
        8.3.3  Deposition of Functionalized Nanoparticles ..... 196
   8.4  Solid-State Lasers for Resonant MIR Ablation .......... 198
   8.5  Conclusion ............................................ 200
   References ................................................. 201

9  Fundamentals and Applications of MAPLE
   Armando Luches and Anna Paola Caricato ..................... 203
   9.1  Introduction .......................................... 203
   9.2  MAPLE Deposition Apparatus ............................ 205
   9.3  MAPLE Deposition of Polymers and Organic Materials .... 206
   9.4  MAPLE Deposition of Biomaterials ...................... 215
   9.5  MAPLE Deposition of Nanoparticle Films ................ 218
        9.5.1  MAPLE Deposition of TiO2 Nanoparticle Films .... 219
        9.5.2  MAPLE Deposition of SnO2 Nanoparticle Films .... 223
   9.6  Discussion ............................................ 227
   9.7  Conclusions ........................................... 230
   References ................................................. 231

10 Advanced Biomimetic Implants Based on Nanostructured
   Coatings Synthesized by Pulsed Laser Technologies
   Ion N. Mihailescu, Carmen Ristoscu, Adriana Bigi,
   and Isaac Mayer ............................................ 235
   10.1 Introduction .......................................... 235
        10.1.1 Pulsed Laser Deposition Technologies ........... 236
        10.1.2 Calcium Phosphates ............................. 239
   10.2 HA Coatings ........................................... 240
   10.3 Octacalcium Phosphate ................................. 243
   10.4 Carbonated HA and β-TCP Doped with Mn2+ Coatings ...... 245
        10.4.1 Carbonated HA Doped with Mn2+ .................. 245
        10.4.2 β-Tricalcium Phosphate Doped with Mn2+ ......... 247
   10.5 Sr-DopedHA ............................................ 249
   10.6 Hybrid Organic-Inorganic Bionanocomposites ............ 252
        10.6.1 Biopolymers-CaP ................................ 252
        10.6.2 Alendronate-HA ................................. 254
   10.7 Conclusions ........................................... 257
   References ................................................. 257

11 Laser Direct Writing of Idealized Cellular and Biologic
   Constructs for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative
   Medicine
   Nathan R. Schiele, David T. Corr, and Douglas
   B. Chrisey ................................................. 261
   11.1 Conventional Tissue Engineering ....................... 261
   11.2 History of Cell Patterning and Direct Writing
        Biomaterials .......................................... 262
   11.3 Matrix-Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation Direct
        Write ................................................. 264
   11.4 Preparation of a Ribbon for Direct Write of Cells ..... 267
   11.5 Combinatorial Libraries of Idealized Constructs ....... 268
   11.6 Current MAPLE DW for Tissue Engineering,
        Regenerative Medicine, and Cancer Research ............ 269
   11.7 Musculoskeletal Tissue Engineering .................... 269
   11.8 Breast Cancer Metastasis .............................. 271
   11.9 The Neural Stem Cell Niche ............................ 272
   11.10 Extracellular Matrix ................................. 273
   11.11 Reproducibility and Repeatability .................... 274
   11.12 Conclusions .......................................... 276
   11.13 Future Directions .................................... 277
   References ................................................. 277

12 Ultrafast Laser Processing of Glass Down to the Nano-
   Scale
   Koji Sugioka ............................................... 279
   12.1 Introduction .......................................... 279
   12.2 Features of Ultrafast Laser Processing ................ 280
        12.2.1 Minimal Thermal Influence ...................... 280
        12.2.2 Multiphoton Absorption ......................... 281
        12.2.3 Internal Modification .......................... 282
   12.3 Spatial Resolution of Ultrafast Laser Processing ...... 282
   12.4 Surface Micromachining ................................ 284
   12.5 Internal Modification of Refractive Index ............. 284
   12.6 Fabrication of 3D Hollow Structures ................... 287
   12.7 Integration of Optical Waveguide and Microfluidics
        for Optofluidics Applications ......................... 289
   12.8 Nanofabrication ....................................... 290
   12.9 Conclusions ........................................... 292
   References ................................................. 292

13 Free Electron Laser Synthesis of Functional Coatings
   Peter Schaaf and Daniel Höche .............................. 295
   13.1 Introduction .......................................... 296
        13.1.1 The Free Electron Laser ........................ 296
        13.1.2 Direct Laser Synthesis ......................... 297
        13.1.3 Protective Coatings and TiN .................... 298
   13.2 Experiments ........................................... 299
        13.2.1 Sample Preparation and setup ................... 299
        13.2.2 Analysis Methods ............................... 300
   13.3 Results ............................................... 300
        13.3.1 FEL Irradiation at CW-Mode ..................... 300
        13.3.2 FEL Irradiation at Pulsed Mode ................. 302
   13.4 Conclusions ........................................... 304
   References ................................................. 305

14 PLD of Piezoelectric and Ferroelectric Materials
   Maria Dinescu .............................................. 307
   14.1 Introduction .......................................... 307
   14.2 RF-Assisted Pulsed Laser Deposition ................... 309
   14.3 Non-Ferroelectric Piezoelectrics ...................... 311
        14.3.1 ZnO ............................................ 311
   14.4 Conclusions ........................................... 327
   References ................................................. 327

15 Lasers in Cultural Heritage: The Non-Contact
   Intervention
   Wolfgang Kautek ............................................ 331
   15.1 Introduction .......................................... 331
   15.2 Architectonic Structures and Sculptures ............... 332
   15.3 Metallic Artefacts .................................... 335
   15.4 Biogenetic Substrates ................................. 336
   15.5 Technology ............................................ 336
   15.6 Case Studies and Diagnostics .......................... 339
   15.7 Conclusions ........................................... 346
   References ................................................. 347

Index ......................................................... 351


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