Long-term environmental change in Arctic and Antarctic lakes (Dordrecht, 2004). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
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ОбложкаLong-term environmental change in Arctic and Antarctic lakes / ed. by R.Pienitz, M.S.V.Douglas, J.P.Smol. - Dordrecht: Springer, 2004. - xxx, 562 p.: ill., maps. - (Developments in paleoenvironmental research; vol.8). - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.541-562. - ISBN 1-4020-2125-9
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Acknowledgements ............................................. XIII
The Editors .................................................... XV
List of Contributors ......................................... XVII
Editors and Board of Advisors of Developments in
Paleoenvironmental Research Book Series ..................... XXVII

1  Paleolimnological research in polar regions: An introduction.
   Reinhard Pienitz, Marianne S.V. Douglas and John P. Smol ..... 1
   Introduction
   Observational/instrumental evidence for rapid climate
      change in the circumpolar regions
   Why do we need paleolimnological data from arctic and
      antarctic regions?
   Geographic scope of the book
   The focus and the structure of this volume
   Acknowledgements
   References

Part I: Major Indicators and Approaches

2  Geochronology of high latitude lake sediments.
   Alexander P. Wolfe, Gifford H. Miller, Carrie A. Olsen,
   Steven L. Forman, Peter T. Doran and Sofia U. Holmgren ...... 19
   Introduction
   Dating recent high latitude lake sediments using 210Pb
      and 137Cs
   Radiocarbon dating
   Optically stimulated luminescence
   Future directions in high latitude lake sediment
      geochronology Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

3  Physical and chemical properties and proxies of high
   latitude lake sediments.
   Scott F. Lamoureux and Robert Gilbert ....................... 53
   Introduction
   Polar environmental systems
   High latitude lake systems
   Physical and chemical proxy records in high latitude lakes
   Framework for interpreting the environmental significance
     of physical and biogeochemical sedimentary records in
     high latitude lakes Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

4  Palynology of North American arctic lakes.
   Konrad Gajewski and Glen M. MacDonald ....................... 89
   Introduction
   Synthesis of methodological aspects
   Select North American studies
   Conclusion - Outlook
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

5  Algal indicators of environmental change in arctic and
   antarctic lakes and ponds
   Marianne S. V. Douglas, Paul B. Hamilton, Reinhard
   Pienitz and John P. Smol ................................... 117
   Introduction
   Historical overview of algal research in the Arctic and
      Antarctic Algal indicators
   Ecological classifications of algae
   Paleolimnological reconstructions
   Other applications
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

6  Aquatic invertebrates and high latitude paleolimnology.
   Ole Bennike, Klaus P. Brodersen, Erik Jeppesen and Ian
   R. Walker .................................................. 159
   Introduction
   Notes on different zoological indicators present
   in lake sediments
   Discussion
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

7  Use of water isotope tracers in high latitude hydrology
   and paleohydrology.
   Thomas W.D. Edwards, Brent B. Wolfe, John J. Gibson and
   Dan Hammarlund ............................................. 187
   Introduction
   Isotopic labelling in the hydrological cycle Isotope
      hydrology at high latitudes
   Water isotope tracers in paleolimnology
   Summary and future perspectives
   Acknowledgements
   References

8  Lake sediments as records of arctic and antarctic
   pollution
   Derek C.G. Muir and Neil L. Rose ........................... 209
   Introduction
   Challenges in the study of high latitude lake sediment
      cores
   Spatial and temporal trends of metals, persistent
      organic pollutants and anthropogenic particles
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

Part II: Regional Syntheses

9  Paleolimnology of the middle and high Canadian Arctic.
   Alexander P. Wolfe and I. Rod Smith ........................ 241
   Introduction
   Environmental background
   Wisconsinan glacial history
   The limnological legacy
   Historical development
   Pre-Holocene lake sediment records
   Holocene climatic evolution and paleolimnology
   The latest Holocene: a time of unprecedented change
   Problems, recommendations and conclusions
   Summary

10 Paleolimnology of the North American Subarctic.
   Bruce P. Finney, Kathleen Rühland, John P. Smol and
   Marie-Andrée Fallu ......................................... 269
   Introduction
   Description of study region
   Paleoindicators of the North American Subarctic
   Regional syntheses
   Challenges and future directions
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

11 Holocene paleolimnology of Greenland and the North
   Atlantic islands (north of 60°N).
   N. John Anderson, David B. Ryves, Marianne Grauert and
   Suzanne McGowan ............................................ 319
   Introduction
   Paleolimnological themes across the northern North
   Atlantic
   Synthesis and areas for further research
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

12 Paleolimnological research from northern Russian Eurasia.
   Glen M. MacDonald, Thomas W.D. Edwards, Bruce Gervais,
   Tamsin E. Laing, Michael F.J. Pisaric, David F.
   Porinchu, Jeffrey A. Snyder, Nadia Solovieva, Pavel
   Tarasov and Brent B. Wolfe ................................. 349
   Introduction
   Recent analyses using biological evidence
   Stable isotope studies of lake sediments from across
      northern Russian Eurasia
   Regional lake status data bases and lake-level records
      from northern Russian Eurasia
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

13 Paleolimnological studies in arctic Fennoscandia and
   the Kola Peninsula (Russia).
   Atte Korhola and Jan Weckström ............................. 381
   Introduction
   Origin and sedimentological characteristics of lakes
   Holocene changes in physical attributes Holocene trends
      in chemical attributes
   Holocene trends in aquatic communities Recent
      limnological changes Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

14 Paleolimnological studies from the Antarctic and
   subantarctic islands.
   Dominic A. Hodgson, Peter T. Doran, Donna Roberts and
   Andrew McMinn .............................................. 419
   Introduction
   The role of the Antarctic in Earth system science
   Antarctic limnology Antarctic paleolimnology
   Antarctic paleolimnology and Earth system science -
      case studies
   Discussion
   Outlook
   Conclusions
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

15 Paleolimnology of extreme cold terrestrial and
   extraterrestrial environments.
   Peter T. Doran, John C. Priscu, W. Berry Lyons, Ross
   D. Powell, Dale T. Andersen and Robert J. Poreda ........... 475
   Introduction
   Perennially ice-covered lakes
   Perennially ice-sealed lakes
   Subglacial lakes
   Exopaleolimnology
   Summary
   Acknowledgements
   References

16 Epilogue: Paleolimnological research from arctic and
   antarctic regions.
   Reinhard Pienitz, Marianne S.V. Douglas and John
   P. Smol .................................................... 509

Glossary, Acronyms and Abbreviations .......................... 513

Index ......................................................... 541


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