Навигация
Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
ОбложкаHosford W.F. Iron and steel. - New York: Cambridge University Press, 2012. - xi, 298 p.: ill. - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.295-298. - ISBN 978-1-107-01798-6
Шифр: (И/К2-Н81) 02
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
 
Preface ........................................................ xi
1  General Introduction ......................................... 1
   Nomenclature ................................................. 1
   Phases ....................................................... 2
   Production ................................................... 3
2  Early History of Iron and Steel .............................. 4
   Native Iron .................................................. 4
   Wrought Iron ................................................. 6
   Steel ........................................................ 8
   References .................................................. 10
3  Modern Steel Making ......................................... 11
   Blast Furnace ............................................... 11
   Coke ........................................................ 13
   Bessemer Steel-Making Process ............................... 13
   Open-Hearth Steel-Making Process ............................ 15
   Basic Oxygen Furnace ........................................ 16
   Electric Arc Process ........................................ 18
   Furnace Linings and Slags ................................... 19
   Casting ..................................................... 20
   Hot Rolling ................................................. 21
   Cold Rolling ................................................ 22
   Recycling ................................................... 22
   References .................................................. 24
4  Constitution of Carbon Steels ............................... 25
   Microstructures of Carbon Steels ............................ 25
   Pearlite Formation .......................................... 30
   References .................................................. 34
5  Plastic Strength ............................................ 35
   Dislocation Density ......................................... 35
   Strain Hardening ............................................ 35
   Grain Size .................................................. 37
   Solute Effects .............................................. 39
   Temperature Dependence ...................................... 39
   Hardness .................................................... 40
   Strain-Rate Dependence of How Stress ........................ 40
   Combined Effects of Temperature and Strain Rate ............. 46
   Superplasticity ............................................. 49
   Strength Differential Effect ................................ 49
   References .................................................. 50
6  Annealing ................................................... 51
   General ..................................................... 51
   Recovery .................................................... 51
   Relief of Residual Stresses ................................. 54
   Recrystallization ........................................... 54
   Grain Growth ................................................ 58
   References .................................................. 65
7  Information Mechanisms and Crystallographic Textures ........ 66
   Slip and Twinning Systems ................................... 66
   Wire Textures in bcc Metals ................................. 66
   Rolling Texture ............................................. 71
   Compression Texture ......................................... 72
   Recrystallization Textures .................................. 77
   References .................................................. 79
8  Substitutional Solid Solutions .............................. 80
   Phase Diagrams .............................................. 80
   Ternary}Phase Diagrams ...................................... 80
   Effects df Solutes on the Eutectoid Transformation .......... 80
   Effect of Solutes on Physical Properties .................... 81
   Solid Solution Hardening .................................... 81
   Carbide-Forming Tendencies .................................. 88
   Solute Segregation to Grain Boundaries ...................... 89
   References .................................................. 89
9  Interstitial Solid Solutions ................................ 90
   Atomic Diameters ............................................ 90
   Lattice Sites for Interstitials ............................. 90
   Lattice Expansion with C, N ................................. 92
   Solubility of Carbon and Nitrogen ........................... 93
   Snoek Effect in bcc Metals .................................. 95
   References .................................................. 97
10 Diffusion ................................................... 98
   General ..................................................... 98
   Mechanisms of Diffusion ..................................... 99
   Diffusion of Interstitials ................................. 102
   References ................................................. 103
11 Strain Aging ............................................... 104
   Yielding and Lьders Bands .................................. 104
   Strain Aging ............................................... 105
   Dynamic Strain Aging ....................................... 109
   References ................................................. 112
12 Austenite Transformation ................................... 113
   Kinetics of Austenization .................................. 113
   Pearlite Formation ......................................... 113
   isothermal Transformation .................................. 120
   Bainite .................................................... 123
   Continuous Cooling Diagrams ................................ 123
   Martensite ................................................. 125
   Retained Austenite ......................................... 126
   Transformation to Martensite ............................... 128
   Martensite Types ........................................... 132
   Special Heat Treatments .................................... 133
   Miscellany ................................................. 135
   References ................................................. 136
13 Hardenability .............................................. 137
   Jominy End-Quench Test ..................................... 137
   Hardenability Bands ........................................ 140
   Ideal Diameter Calculations ................................ 142
   Boron ...................................................... 146
   Miscellany ................................................. 149
   References ................................................. 149
14 Tempering and Surface Hardening ............................ 150
   Tempering .................................................. 150
   Secondary Hardening ........................................ 156
   Temper Embrittlement ....................................... 157
   Carburizing ................................................ 158
   Carburizing Kinetics ....................................... 159
   Kinetics of Decarburization ................................ 162
   Carboaustempering .......................................... 163
   Nitriding .................................................. 163
   Carbonitriding ............................................. 164
   Case Hardening Without Composition Change .................. 165
   Furnace Atmospheres ........................................ 165
   References ................................................. 165
15 Low-Carbon Sheet Steel ..................................... 167
   Sheet Steels ............................................... 167
   Strength ................................................... 168
   Grades of Low-Carbon Steel ................................. 168
   Weathering Steel ........................................... 174
   Heating During Deformation ................................. 174
   Taylor-Welded Blanks ....................................... 175
   Special Sheets ............................................. 176
   Surface Treatment .......................................... 177
   Special Concerns ........................................... 178
   References ................................................. 178
16 Sheet Steel Formability .................................... 179
   Anisotropic Yielding ....................................... 182
   Effect of Strain Hardening on the Yield Locus .............. 186
   Deep Drawing ............................................... 187
   Stamping ................................................... 189
   Forming Limits ............................................. 191
   References ................................................. 193
17 Alloy Steels ............................................... 195
   Designation System ......................................... 195
   Effect of Alloying Elements ................................ 195
   Applications ............................................... 197
   References ................................................. 197
18 Other Steels ............................................... 198
   Hadfield Austenitic Manganese Steel ........................ 198
   Maraging Steels ............................................ 198
   Tool Steels ................................................ 199
   Heat Treatment of Tool Steels .............................. 201
   Note of Interest ........................................... 202
   References ................................................. 204
19 Stainless Steels ........................................... 205
   General Corrosion Resistance ............................... 205
   Ferritic Stainless Steels .................................. 205
   Martensitic Stainless Steels ............................... 208
   Austenitic Stainless Steels ................................ 209
   Other Stainless Steels ..................................... 212
   Sensitization .............................................. 214
   Oxidation Resistance ....................................... 216
   References ................................................. 217
20 Fracture ................................................... 218
   Ductile Fracture ........................................... 218
   Brittle Fracture ........................................... 222
   Transition Temperature ..................................... 226
   Liquid Metal Embrittlement ................................. 227
   Hydrogen Embrittlement ..................................... 227
   Fatigue .................................................... 229
   References ................................................. 233
21 Cast Irons ................................................. 234
   Production ................................................. 234
   General .................................................... 234
   White Irons ................................................ 237
   Gray Irons ................................................. 237
   Compact Graphite Iron ...................................... 242
   Ductil&Cast Iron ........................................... 244
   Malleable Cast Iron ........................................ 244
   Matrices ................................................... 246
   Austempering of Cast Irons ................................. 250
   Damping Capacity ........................................... 254
   References ................................................. 255
22 Magnetic Behavior of Iron .................................. 256
   General .................................................... 256
   Ferromagnetism ............................................. 257
   Magnetostatic Energy ....................................... 261
   Magnetocrystalline Energy .................................. 262
   Magnetostriction ........................................... 262
   Physical Units ............................................. 263
   The B-H Curve .............................................. 264
   Bloch Walls ................................................ 266
   Soft Versus Hard Magnetic Materials ........................ 266
   Soft Magnetic Materials .................................... 266
   Silicon Steel .............................................. 270
   Hard Magnetic Materials .................................... 272
   Summary .................................................... 274
   References ................................................. 275
23 Corrosion .................................................. 276
   Corrosion Cells ............................................ 276
   Polarization and Passivity ................................. 279
   Pourbaix Diagram ........................................... 283
   Types of Corrosion ......................................... 284
   Corrosion Control .......................................... 285
   Rust ....................................................... 287
   Direct Oxidation ........................................... 287
   References ................................................. 289
Appendix I: Physical Properties of Pure Iron .................. 291
Appendix II: Approximate Hardness Conversions and Tensile
   Strengths of Steels ........................................ 293

Index ......................................................... 295

Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
 

[О библиотеке | Академгородок | Новости | Выставки | Ресурсы | Библиография | Партнеры | ИнфоЛоция | Поиск | English]
  Пожелания и письма: www@prometeus.nsc.ru
© 1997-2017 Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН (Новосибирск)
Статистика доступов: архив | текущая статистика
 

Документ изменен: Mon Mar 14 17:18:00 2016. Размер: 15,971 bytes.
Посещение N 289 c 22.03.2016