Навигация
Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
ОбложкаTu K.-N. Kinetics in nanoscale materials / K.N.Tu, A.M.Gusak. - Hoboken: Wiley, 2014. - x, 296 p.: ill. - Bibliogr. at the end of the chapters. - Ind.: p.293-296. - ISBN 978-0-470-88140-8
Шифр: (И/З.85-T90) 02
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
PREFACE

CHAPTER 1  INTRODUCTION TO KINETICS IN NANOSCALE MATERIALS
1.1  Introduction ............................................... 1
1.2  Nanosphere: Surface Energy is Equivalent to Gibbs-Thomson
     Potential .................................................. 3
1.3  Nanosphere: Lower Melting Point ............................ 6
1.4  Nanosphere: Fewer Homogeneous Nucleation and its Effect
     on Phase Diagram .......................................... 10
1.5  Nanosphere: Kirkendall Effect and Instability of Hollow
     Nanospheres ............................................... 13
1.6  Nanosphere: Inverse Kirkendall Effect in Hollow Nano
     Alloy Spheres ............................................. 17
1.7  Nanosphere: Combining Kirkendall Effect and Inverse
     Kirkendall Effect on Concentric Bilayer Hollow
     Nanosphere ................................................ 18
1.8  Nano Hole: Instability of a Donut-Type Nano Hole in
     a Membrane ................................................ 19
1.9  Nanowire: Point Contact Reactions Between Metal and
     Silicon Nanowires ......................................... 21
1.10 Nanowire: Nanogap in Silicon Nanowires .................... 22
1.11 Nanowire: Lithiation in Silicon Nanowires ................. 26
1.12 Nanowire: Point Contact Reactions Between Metallic
     Nanowires ................................................. 27
1.13 Nano Thin Film: Explosive Reaction in Periodic
     Multilayered Nano Thin Films .............................. 28
1.14 Nano Microstructure in Bulk Samples: Nanotwins ............ 30
1.15 Nano Microstructure on the Surface of a Bulk Sample:
     Surface Mechanical Attrition Treatment (SMAT) of Steel .... 32
References ..................................................... 33
Problems ....................................................... 35

CHAPTER 2  LINEAR AND NONLINEAR DIFFUSION ...................... 37
2.1  Introduction .............................................. 37
2.2  Linear Diffusion .......................................... 38
     2.2.1  Atomic Flux ........................................ 39
     2.2.2  Fick's First Law of Diffusion ...................... 40
     2.2.3  Chemical Potential ................................. 43
     2.2.4  Fick's Second Law of Diffusion ..................... 45
     2.2.5  Flux Divergence .................................... 47
     2.2.6  Tracer Diffusion ................................... 49
     2.2.7  Diffusivity ........................................ 51
     2.2.8  Experimental Measurement of the Parameters in
            Diffusivity ........................................ 53
2.3  Nonlinear Diffusion ....................................... 57
     2.3.1  Nonlinear Effect due to Kinetic Consideration ...... 58
     2.3.2  Nonlinear Effect due to Thermodynamic
            Consideration ...................................... 59
     2.3.3  Combining Thermodynamic and Kinetic Nonlinear
            Effects ............................................ 62
     References ................................................ 63
     Problems .................................................. 64

CHAPTER 3  KIRKENDALL EFFECT AND INVERSE KIRKENDALL EFFECT ..... 67
3.1  Introduction .............................................. 67
3.2  Kirkendall Effect ......................................... 69
     3.2.1  Darken's Analysis of Kirkendall Shift and Marker
            Motion ............................................. 72
     3.2.2  Boltzmann and Matano Analysis of Interdiffusion
            Coefficient ........................................ 76
     3.2.3  Activity and Intrinsic Diffusivity ................. 80
     3.2.4  Kirkendall (Frenkel) Voiding Without Lattice
            Shift .............................................. 84
3.3  Inverse Kirkendall Effect ................................. 84
     3.3.1  Physical Meaning of Inverse Kirkendall Effect ...... 86
     3.3.2  Inverse Kirkendall Effect on the Instability of
            an Alloy Nanoshell ................................. 88
     3.3.3  Inverse Kirkendall Effect on Segregation in
            a Regular Solution Nanoshell ....................... 90
3.4  Interaction Between Kirkendall Effect and Gibbs-Thomson
     Effect in the Formation of a Spherical Compound
     Nanoshell ................................................. 93
References ..................................................... 97
Problems ....................................................... 97

CHAPTER 4  RIPENING AMONG NANOPRECIPITATES ..................... 99
4.1  Introduction .............................................. 99
4.2  Ham's Model of Growth of a Spherical Precipitate (Cr is
     Constant) ................................................ 101
4.3  Mean-Field Consideration ................................. 103
4.4  Gibbs-Thomson Potential .................................. 105
4.5  Growth and Dissolution of a Spherical Nanoprecipitate
     in a Mean Field .......................................... 106
4.6  LSW Theory of Kinetics of Particle Ripening .............. 108
4.7  Continuity Equation in Size Space ........................ 113
4.8  Size Distribution Function in Conservative Ripening ...... 114
4.9  Further Developments of LSW Theory ....................... 115
References .................................................... 115
Problems ...................................................... 116

CHAPTER 5  SPINODAL DECOMPOSITION ............................. 118
5.1  Introduction ............................................. 118
5.2  Implication of Diffusion Equation in Homogenization and
     Decomposition ............................................ 121
5.3  Spinodal Decomposition ................................... 123
     5.3.1  Concentration Gradient in an Inhomogeneous Solid
            Solution .......................................... 123
     5.3.2  Energy of Mixing to Form a Homogeneous Solid
            Solution .......................................... 124
     5.3.3  Energy of Mixing to Form an Inhomogeneous Solid
            Solution .......................................... 126
     5.3.4  Chemical Potential in Inhomogeneous Solution ...... 129
     5.3.5  Coherent Strain Energy ............................ 131
     5.3.6  Solution of the Diffusion Equation ................ 134
References .................................................... 136
Problems ...................................................... 136

CHAPTER 6  NUCLEATION EVENTS IN BULK MATERIALS, THIN FILMS,
AND NANOWIRES ................................................. 138
6.1  Introduction ............................................. 138
6.2  Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Nucleation ................ 140
     6.2.1  Thermodynamics of Nucleation ...................... 140
     6.2.2  Kinetics of Nucleation ............................ 143
6.3  Heterogeneous Nucleation in Grain Boundaries of Bulk
     Materials ................................................ 148
     6.3.1  Morphology of Grain Boundary Precipitates ......... 150
     6.3.2  Introducing an Epitaxial Interface to
            Heterogeneous Nucleation .......................... 151
     6.3.3  Replacive Mechanism of a Grain Boundary ........... 154
6.4  No Homogeneous Nucleation in Epitaxial Growth of Si
     Thin Film on Si Wafer .................................... 156
6.5  Repeating Homogeneous Nucleation of Suicide in
     Nanowires of Si .......................................... 160
     6.5.1  Point Contact Reactions in Nanowires .............. 161
     6.5.2  Homogeneous Nucleation of Epitaxial Suicide in
            Nanowires of Si 164 References .................... 168
Problems ...................................................... 168

CHAPTER 7  CONTACT REACTIONS ON Si; PLANE, LINE, AND POINT
CONTACT REACTIONS ............................................. 170
7.1  Introduction ............................................. 170
7.2  Bulk Cases ............................................... 175
     7.2.1  Kidson's Analysis of Diffusion-Controlled Planar
            Growth ............................................ 175
     7.2.2  Steady State Approximation in Layered Growth of
            Multiple Phases ................................... 178
     7.2.3  Marker Analysis ................................... 179
     7.2.4  Interdiffusion Coefficient in Intermetallic
            Compound .......................................... 182
     7.2.5  Wagner Diffusivity ................................ 186
7.3  Thin Film Cases .......................................... 187
     7.3.1  Diffusion-Controlled and Interfacial-Reaction-
            Controlled Growth ................................. 187
     7.3.2  Kinetics of Interfacial-Reaction-Controlled
            Growth ............................................ 188
     7.3.3  Kinetics of Competitive Growth of Two-Layered
            Phases ............................................ 193
     7.3.4  First Phase in Suicide Formation .................. 194
7.4  Nanowire Cases ........................................... 1%
     7.4.1  Point Contact Reactions ........................... 197
     7.4.2  Line Contact Reactions ............................ 202
     7.4.3  Planar Contact Reactions .......................... 208
References .................................................... 208
Problems ...................................................... 209

CHAPTER 8  GRAIN GROWTH IN MICRO AND NANOSCALE ................ 211
8.1  Introduction ............................................. 211
8.2  How to Generate a Polycrystalline Microstructure ......... 213
8.3  Computer Simulation of Grain Growth ...................... 216
     8.3.1  Atomistic Simulation Based on Monte Carlo Method .. 216
     8.3.2  Phenomenological Simulations ...................... 217
8.4  Statistical Distribution Functions of Grain Size ......... 219
8.5  Deterministic (Dynamic) Approach to Grain Growth ......... 221
8.6  Coupling Between Grain Growth of a Central Grain and
     the Rest of Grains ....................................... 225
8.7  Decoupling the Grain Growth of a Central Grain from the
     Rest of Grains in the Normalized Size Space .............. 226
8.8  Grain Growth in 2D Case in the Normalized Size Space ..... 229
8.9  Grain Rotation ........................................... 231
     8.9.1  Grain Rotation in Anisotropic Thin Films Under
            Electromigration .................................. 232

References .................................................... 237
Problems ...................................................... 238

CHAPTER 9  SELF-SUSTAINED REACTIONS IN NANOSCALE MULTILAYERED
THIN FILMS .................................................... 240
9.1  Introduction ............................................. 240
9.2  The Selection of a Pair of Metallic Thin Films for SHS ... 243
9.3  A Simple Model of Single-Phase Growth in Self-Sustained
     Reaction ................................................. 245
9.4  A Simple Estimate of Flame Velocity in Steady State
     Heat Transfer ............................................ 250
9.5  Comparison in Phase Formation by Annealing and by
     Explosive Reaction in Al/Ni .............................. 25T
9.6  Self-Explosive Silicidation Reactions .................... 251
References .................................................... 255
Problems ...................................................... 256

CHAPTER 10 FORMATION AND TRANSFORMATIONS OF NANOTWINS
IN COPPER ..................................................... 258
10.1 Introduction ............................................. 258
10.2 Formation of Nanotwins in Cu ............................. 260
     10.2.1 First Principle Calculation of Energy of
            Formation of Nanotwins ............................ 260
     10.2.2 In Situ Measurement of Stress Evolution for
            Nanotwin Formation During Pulse Electrodeposition
            of Cu ............................................. 264
     10.2.3 Formation of Nanotwin Cu in Through-Silicon Vias .. 266
10.3 Formation and Transformation of Oriented Nanotwins in
     Cu ....................................................... 269
     10.3.1 Formation of Oriented Nanotwins in Cu ............. 270
     10.3.2 Unidirectional Growth of Cu-Sn Intermetallic
            Compound on Oriented and Nanotwinned Cu ........... 270
     10.3.3 Transformation of (111) Oriented and Nanotwinned
            Cu to (100) Oriented Single Crystal of Cu ......... 274
10.4 Potential Applications of Nanotwinned Cu ................. 276
     10.4.1 To Reduce Electromigration in Interconnect
            Technology ........................................ 276
     10.4.2 To Eliminate Kirkendall Voids in Microbump
            Packaging Technology .............................. 277
     References ............................................... 278
Problems ...................................................... 278

APPENDIX A  LAPLACE PRESSURE IN NONSPHERICAL NANOPARTICLE ..... 280
APPENDIX В  INTERDIFFUSION COEFFICIENT D = C8MG" .............. 282

APPENDIX С  NONEQUILIBRIUM VACANCIES AND CROSS-EFFECTS ON
INTERDIFFUSION IN A PSEUDO-TERNARY ALLOY ...................... 285

APPENDIX D INTERACTION BETWEEN KIRKENDALL EFFECT AND GIBBS-
THOMSON EFFECT IN THE FORMATION OF A SPHERICAL COMPOUND
NANOSHELL ..................................................... 289

INDEX ......................................................... 293

Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
 

[О библиотеке | Академгородок | Новости | Выставки | Ресурсы | Библиография | Партнеры | ИнфоЛоция | Поиск | English]
  Пожелания и письма: www@prometeus.nsc.ru
© 1997-2017 Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН (Новосибирск)
Статистика доступов: архив | текущая статистика
 

Документ изменен: Fri Jan 20 13:27:17 2017. Размер: 16,097 bytes.
Посещение N 118 c 19.04.2016