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ОбложкаBarry D.K. Web services, service-oriented architectures, and cloud computing: the savvy manager's guide / D.K.Barry with D.Dick. - 2nd ed. - Waltham: Elsevier: Morgan Kaufmann, 2013. - xvii, 226 p.: ill. - Bibliogr.: p.217-218. - Ind.: p.219-226. - ISBN 978-0-12398-357-2
Шифр: (И/З.98-B26) 02
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
Introduction ................................................... xv

Part I. Overview of Web Services, Service-Oriented
Architecture, and Cloud Computing ............................... 1
1  A Business Trip in the Not-Too-Distant Future ................ 3
   The Business Trip ............................................ 3
   Summary ...................................................... 8
2  Information Technology Used for the Business Trip ............ 9
   Keeping Track of Detailed Customer Data ..................... 10
   Using Virtual Personal Assistants ........................... 10
     Managing C.R.'s Business Trip ............................. 12
     Augmenting C.R.'s Experiences ............................. 12
   Commoditizing Services ...................................... 12
   Viewing All Services the Same Way ........................... 13
   Summary ..................................................... 13
3  Web Services and Service-Oriented Architectures ............. 15
   Service-Oriented Architecture Overview ...................... 17
     Services .................................................. 17
     Connections ............................................... 18
     The Architecture in SOA ................................... 18
   Web Services Explained ...................................... 19
     History of Web Services Specification ..................... 19
     Web Services Specifications ............................... 22
     The Opportunity and Importance of Standardized Semantic
     Vocabularies .............................................. 29
   Service-Oriented Architecture Explained ..................... 29
     Relationship of Web Services and SOA ...................... 30
     Identification and Design of Services ..................... 30
     Service-Oriented Architecture ............................. 31
   Summary ..................................................... 33
4  Cloud Computing ............................................. 35
   Blurring of Internal and External Services .................. 37
   Organizations of Any Size Can Use a Service-Oriented
   Architecture with Cloud Computing ........................... 38
   The Cloud ................................................... 39
   Types of Clouds ............................................. 41
   Categories of Cloud Providers ............................... 42
   Summary ..................................................... 44

Part II. Technical Forces Driving the Adoption of Web
Services, Service-Oriented Architectures, and Cloud Computing .. 45
5  Technical Forces Driving the Adoption of Web Services ....... 47
   Force Field Analysis Overview ............................... 48
   Adopting Standard Data Element Definitions .................. 50
   Adopting a Standard Communications Protocol ................. 51
   Adopting Web Services ....................................... 52
   Summary ..................................................... 54
6  Technical Forces Driving the Adoption of SOA ................ 55
   Adopting Standard, Enterprise-Wide Software ................. 56
   Adopting an Object Request Broker ........................... 57
   Adopting an Enterprise Data Warehouse ....................... 59
   Adopting an Enterprise Service Bus .......................... 62
     Message Routers ........................................... 62
     Adapters .................................................. 63
   Adopting a Service-Oriented Architecture .................... 67
   Summary ..................................................... 70
7  Technical Forces Driving the Adoption of Cloud Computing .... 71
   Adopting Software as a Service (SaaS) ....................... 72
   Adopting Platform as a Service (PaaS) ....................... 74
   Adopting Service-Oriented Architecture with Cloud
   Computing ................................................... 76
   Summary ..................................................... 79

Part III. Managing Change Needed for Web Services, Service-
Oriented Architectures, and Cloud Computing .................... 81
8  Change Issues ............................................... 83
   Change ...................................................... 85
   Technical Change Issues Diminishing ......................... 85
   Resistance to Change ........................................ 85
   Forms of Resistance ......................................... 88
     Lack of Training/Understanding ............................ 89
     Power of Internal "Expert" ................................ 89
     Inertia—Why Change? ....................................... 90
     Feeling that Jobs May Be Threatened ....................... 90
     Not Invented Here ......................................... 91
     Our Problems Are Special .................................. 91
     Loss of Familiarity, Competence, and Control .............. 91
   Suggestions for Addressing Resistance to Change ............. 92
     Selecting the Right People ................................ 92
     Use a Second Set of Eyes .................................. 93
     Really Listen ............................................. 93
     Communicate at Many Levels ................................ 94
     Seek Appropriate Avenues to Involve People ................ 94
     Get Resistance Out in the Open ............................ 94
     Ask for Participation and Form Partnerships ............... 95
   Some Resistance Scenarios ................................... 95
     But It's So Complicated! .................................. 95
     Guerilla Tactics .......................................... 98
     More Guerilla Tactics .................................... 100
     The Elephant in the Room ................................. 101
   Worksheet for Resistance Issues and Suggestions ............ 102
   Consolidated Analysis for Adopting an SOA with Cloud
   Computing .................................................. 102
   Summary .................................................... 105
9  Tips for Managing Change Issues During Development ......... 107
   Design as Little as Possible ............................... 108
     Buy a System or Use One or More Existing Services ........ 108
     Buy a Model or Adopt a Semantic Vocabulary ............... 108
   Write as Little Code as Possible ........................... 109
   Reduce Project Scope ....................................... 110
   Use a Methodology .......................................... 110
   Use a Second Set of Eyes ................................... 111
   Use Small Teams ............................................ 111
   Summary .................................................... 112
10 Managing Change with Incremental SOA Analysis .............. 113
   Tools ...................................................... 114
     Force Field Analysis ..................................... 114
     Worksheet for Resistance Issues and Suggestions .......... 114
     Decomposition Matrix ..................................... 115
   Five Principles for the Incremental SOA Analysis ........... 121
   Incremental SOA Analysis ................................... 122
     Business Process Analysis Lane ........................... 123
     Candidate Project Analysis Lane .......................... 124
     Deployment Selection Lane ................................ 125
     Select a Project with the Best Chance of Success ......... 125
     Deployment Lane .......................................... 125
     Vocabulary Management Lane ............................... 126
   Summary .................................................... 127

Part IV. Getting Started with Web Services, Service-Oriented
Architectures, and Cloud Computing ............................ 129
11 Getting Started with Web Services .......................... 131
   All Web Services Connections Look the Same ................. 132
   The Impact of Web Services ................................. 132
   Use of Web Services will Likely Spur Innovation ............ 133
   Start by Experimenting with Web Services ................... 133
     Use an External Service .................................. 133
     Develop an Internal Service .............................. 134
     Exchange Data Between Existing Systems ................... 135
     UseanESB ................................................. 136
     Staffing Issues .......................................... 137
     Likely Change Issues ..................................... 137
   Adapt Existing Systems to Use Web Services ................. 138
     Enterprise Database Warehouse ............................ 138
     Connect Components to Web Services ....................... 140
     Additional Systems ....................................... 141
     Staffing Issues .......................................... 142
     Likely Change Issues ..................................... 142
   Vision of the Future ....................................... 142
   Summary .................................................... 143
12 Getting Started with Service-Oriented Architectures ........ 145
   Establish a Service-Oriented Architecture .................. 146
     Design Considerations .................................... 146
     Staffing Issues .......................................... 148
     Likely Change Issues ..................................... 149
   What If Things Are Not Going as Planned? ................... 150
     The Data Warehouse Was Growing Much Faster than
     Expected ................................................. 150
     The Response Time of the Services Provided by an
     Internal System Was Inadequate ........................... 151
     Putting It All Together .................................. 157
   Services and Service-Oriented Architectures ................ 157
   SOA Governance ............................................. 161
   Summary .................................................... 162
13 Getting Started with Cloud Computing ....................... 163
   Expand your Internal SOA to Include External Services ...... 164
     Staffing Issues .......................................... 164
     Likely Change Issues ..................................... 164
   Governance Considerations .................................. 165
     Legal Issues ............................................. 165
     Business Issues .......................................... 165
     Technical Issues ......................................... 165
   Data Center Considerations ................................. 166
     Availability Issues ...................................... 166
     Disaster Recovery Issues ................................. 167
   Examples of Technical Issues Related to Availability ....... 167
     Failover Options for Messaging and Databases ............. 167
     Database Availability Options ............................ 168
     Replication Options for Messaging and Databases .......... 169
   Cloud Brokers .............................................. 170
   Should You Be Your Own Cloud Provider? ..................... 170
   Summary .................................................... 170
14 Revisiting the Business Trip in the Not-Too-Distant
   Future ..................................................... 171
   Services for C.R.'s Business Trip .......................... 171
   The Future for C.R.'s Organization ......................... 174
   Summary .................................................... 175

Part V. Reference guide ....................................... 177
15 Semantic Vocabularies ...................................... 179
     Semantic Vocabularies .................................... 180
     Address XML .............................................. 181
     Computing Environment XML ................................ 181
     Content Syndication XML .................................. 182
     Customer Information XML ................................. 182
     Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) XML .................... 183
     Geospatial XML ........................................... 183
     Human XML ................................................ 184
     Localization XML ......................................... 184
     Math XML ................................................. 184
     Open Applications Group Integration Specification
     (OAGIS) .................................................. 185
     Open Office XML .......................................... 185
     Topic Maps XML ........................................... 185
     Trade XML ................................................ 185
     Translation XML .......................................... 186
     Universal Business Language (UBL) ........................ 186
     Universal Data Element Framework (UDEF) .................. 186
   Specific Semantic Vocabularies ............................. 186
     Accounting XML ........................................... 187
     Advertising XML .......................................... 187
     Astronomy XML ............................................ 187
     Building XML ............................................. 187
     Chemistry XML ............................................ 188
     Construction XML ......................................... 188
     Education XML ............................................ 188
     Finance XML .............................................. 188
     Food XML ................................................. 189
     Government XML ........................................... 189
     Healthcare XML ........................................... 190
   Human Resources (HR) XML ................................... 190
   Instruments XML ............................................ 190
   Insurance XML .............................................. 191
   Legal XML .................................................. 191
   Manufacturing XML .......................................... 192
   News XML ................................................... 192
   Oil and Gas XML ............................................ 193
   Photo XML .................................................. 193
     Physics XML .............................................. 193
     Publishing XML ........................................... 193
     Real Estate XML .......................................... 194
     Telecommunications XML ................................... 194
     Travel XML ............................................... 194
16 Terminology ................................................ 195
   Adapters ................................................... 198
   Agents ..................................................... 198
   Analytics .................................................. 198
   Application Programming Interface (API) .................... 198
   Application Server ......................................... 198
   Atomic Service ............................................. 199
   Big Data ................................................... 199
   Business Intelligence (BI) ................................. 199
   Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) ................. 199
   Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) .................. 200
   Business Process Query Language (BPQL) ..................... 200
   Business Process Specification Schema (BPSS) ............... 200
   Caching .................................................... 200
   Cloud ...................................................... 200
   Collaboration Protocol Profile/Agreement (CPP/A) ........... 201
   Community Cloud ............................................ 201
   Composite Service .......................................... 201
   CORBA ...................................................... 201
   Data Cleansing ............................................. 201
   Data Warehouse ............................................. 202
   DCOM ....................................................... 202
   ebXML Registry ............................................. 202
   Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) .......................... 202
   Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) ............................... 203
   extensible Access Control Markup Language (XACML) .......... 203
   extensible Rights Markup Language (XrML) ................... 203
   extensible Stylesheets Language (XSL) ...................... 203
   Extract, Transform, and Load (ETL) ......................... 203
   Failover ................................................... 204
   HTTP ....................................................... 204
   Hybrid Cloud ............................................... 204
   Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) ......................... 204
   Internet Inter-ORB Protocol (IIOP) ......................... 204
   Java API for XML Parsing (JAXP) ............................ 204
   JSON ....................................................... 205
   Load Leveling .............................................. 205
   Loosely Coupled ............................................ 205
   Mapping .................................................... 205
   Mashups .................................................... 205
   Message Router ............................................. 205
   Meta-Object Facility (MOF) ................................. 206
   Middleware ................................................. 206
   Model Driven Architecture (MDA) ............................ 206
   .NET ....................................................... 206
   NoSQL Database Management System ........................... 206
   Object Request Broker (ORB) ................................ 207
   OMG Interface Definition Language (IDL) .................... 207
   Partner Interface Process (PIP) ............................ 207
   Platform as a Service (PaaS) ............................... 207
   Public Cloud ............................................... 207
   Registry ................................................... 208
   REgular LAnguage Description for XML (RELAX) ............... 208
   RELAX NG ................................................... 208
   Replication ................................................ 208
   Representational State Transfer (REST) ..................... 208
   Resource Description Framework (RDF) ....................... 209
   RosettaNet Implementation Framework (RNIF) ................. 209
   Schematron ................................................. 209
   Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML) .................. 209
   Service .................................................... 209
   Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) ........................ 209
   Service Provisioning Markup Language (SPML) ................ 210
   SOAP ....................................................... 210
   Software as a Service (SaaS) ............................... 210
   Tree Regular Expressions for XML (TREX) .................... 210
   Unified Modeling Language (UML) ............................ 211
   Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) .......................... 211
   Universal Data Model ....................................... 211
   Universal Description, Discovery, and Integration (UDDI) ... 211
   Virtual Private Cloud ...................................... 211
   Web Distributed Data Exchange (WDDX) ....................... 212
   Web Service Endpoint Definition (WSEL) ..................... 212
   Web Services Component Model ............................... 212
   Web Services Conversation Language (WSCL) .................. 212
   Web Services Description Language (WSDL) ................... 212
   Web Services Experience Language (WSXL) .................... 213
   Web Services How Language (WSFL) ........................... 213
   Web Services for Interactive Applications (WSIA) ........... 213
   Web Services for Report Portals (WSRP) ..................... 213
   Web Services User Interface (WSUI) ......................... 214
   Workflow ................................................... 214
   XLANG ...................................................... 214
   XML Common Biometrie Format (XCBF) ......................... 214
   XML Encryption ............................................. 214
   XML Key Management Specification (XKMS) .................... 215
   XML Linking Language (XLink) ............................... 215
   XML Namespaces ............................................. 215
   XML Path Language (XPath) .................................. 215
   XML Pointer Language (XPointer) ............................ 215
   XML Protocol (XMLP) ........................................ 215
   XML Schema ................................................. 216
   XML Signature .............................................. 216
   XSL Formatting Objects (XSL-FO) ............................ 216
   XSL Transformations (XSLT) ................................. 216
   XQuery ..................................................... 216

Bibliography .................................................. 217
Index ......................................................... 219

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